Caucasus DNA on Ancestry: Ethnicity Explained

If you are wondering how the Caucasus DNA ethnicity showed up on your Ancestry DNA results, you are not alone.  In order to explain the Caucasus DNA on Ancestry – to really understand – we have to learn a bit about geography, history, and genetics. 

The Caucasus is a fascinating region, and I am sure that you will enjoy learning about this unique place where some of your ancestors once lived.

In this post, you will learn:

  • Where the Caucasus are located
  • What it means to have Caucasus DNA
  • How you might have inherited your Caucasus DNA
  • Whether or not you might be able to find the ancestor(s) who contributed your Caucasus DNA
What was it like where my Caucasus ancestors lived?
An absolutely stunning view taken by a highly talented photographer from the Caucasus Mountain Observatory of Sternberg Astronomical Institute MSU. The mountain that you see in the distance is the highest mountain in Europe and Russia, the Mount Elbrus.  Photo Credit: Konstantin Malanchev   CC by 2.0 license

Where is the Caucasus DNA region located?

There are two main maps that I’ll show you.  The first is the generally accepted geopolitical map of the Caucasus region.  The second is the more broad map where the Caucasus DNA is typically found. 

The Caucasus are a mountain range that have served as the dividing line between Europe and Asia, and because of this unique location, was a region that has been the subject of cultural, religious, economic, and political conflict for centuries, if not millennium. 

The result is a very diverse region due to the incredible numbers of people who have passed through and called the Caucasus home.

Did you know?  The famous “Silk Road”, the vast trade network connecting the Mediterranean Sea with the Korean Peninsula had routes that went through the Caucasus.

In the map below is a modern geopolitical map of the Caucasus region, just so you can get an idea of where the Caucasus are:

Map of the Caucasus for DNA purposes
Thank you to Jeroencommons for the image, GFDL && CC-BY

The map above portrays just a small area where Caucasus DNA is found.  For a more complete picture of the countries where you are most likely to find Caucasus DNA:

  • Armenia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Georgia
  • Iran
  • Iraq
  • Syria
  • Turkey

Caucasus DNA is also found, though in smaller percentages, in these countries:

  • Bulgaria
  • Jordan
  • Greece
  • Italy
  • Kuwait
  • Palestine
  • Romania
  • Turkmenistan

What does it mean to have Caucasus DNA on Ancestry?

Our ancestors were mobile – much more mobile than we might think, despite how difficult travel used to be.  If you show Caucasus DNA in your ethnicity results, it’s likely that you had ancestors living in the region in the past. 

Generally speaking, the smaller amount that you show, the more distant the ancestor.  If you show a larger percentage, then it could be likely that you have a relatively recent ancestor who came from one of the countries listed in the first part of this post.

How far back is my Caucasus ancestry?

When examining your Caucasus ethnicity, there are some important factors to take into consideration.

For example, most people with European ancestry have ancestors who moved through the Caucasus at some point, though for many those ancestors are very, very distant

It’s unlikely to inherit DNA from very, very distant ancestors.  These genealogical DNA tests generally can show ancestry from the past 300-500 years, although some experts posit that these tests can occasionally reach much further back – as far as a thousand years

Finally, there is a margin of error, and of interpretation, when it comes to ethnicity/ancestry estimates.  A very small percentage, often reported as a “low confidence” or “trace” regions, can sometimes be an indication of an error, or of very ancient ancestry (although I cautiously advise my readers to consider the idea that the ancestry is within the past several hundred years).

What are the Caucasus like from a DNA perspective
A view of Baku, Azerbaijan. It’s one of the the largest cities in the Caucasus, and is located on the Caspian Sea.  Photo credit:  Luigi Guarino  CC by 2.0 license

How did I inherit my Caucasus DNA?

The way in which your Caucasus DNA was inherited depends on your family’s unique history.  As I mentioned before, most Europeans descend from ancient inhabitants of the Caucasus. 

Generally speaking, if you don’t have any known ancestors from any of the countries that I listed at the beginning of this article, your Caucasus DNA is probably remnant of Caucasus ancestors from many generations ago.

The closer your more recent ancestors live to the Caucasus, the more likely they were to have had Caucasus DNA.  For example, I have listed a few statistics below that show that the closer you get to the Caucasus region, the higher the portion of the native population will show DNA that is similar to that of the Caucasus:

  • 1% of people native to Great Britain have DNA from the Caucasus
  • 8% of people native to Eastern Europe show DNA from the Caucasus
  • 42% of people native to the Asia Central region (which includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan) have DNA from the Caucasus
  • 47% of people native to the Europe South geographic area show Caucasus DNA

Someone who is a “typical native” of the Caucasus region (meaning that they have deep roots in the area) typically shows about 83% Caucasus DNA – how does this stack up along with yours?

Is it possible to trace my Caucasus ancestry?

For those of us with very distant Caucasus ancestry, especially if we only have just a few percent showing up on our ethnicity results, it is probably unlikely that we would be able to find reliable records that would give us definitive proof of our Caucasus ancestry. 

With that said, people from many countries tend to show DNA from the Caucasus, so it is possible – even if you only have a small percentage of Caucasus- to sometimes find an ancestor who was born in a country that tends to have a lot of native residents with higher percentages of Caucasus.

For those of you with larger percentages of Caucasus (more than 10% or so), you likely have a more recent ancestor who came from an area where Caucasus DNA is typically found. 

For you, it just might be easier to track down the likely source of your Caucasus DNA.

No matter how much Caucasus DNA you have, or where you think it might have come from, the best first step in tracing your Caucasus roots is to make a family tree. 

I use and generally recommend Ancestry for making a family tree, since it is easily connected with your DNA results.  You will then be able to spot DNA relatives that share common ancestors with you, and this can be a great help in tracing your ancestry in other countries, including the Caucasus region.

Have you started building your family tree?  This is the best way to begin to learn where your ancestors came from, and from whom you may have inherited your Caucasus DNA. 

It’s always free to build a family tree on Ancestry, which is where I always build my trees.  If you want to have access to photographs, other people’s family trees, vital records, census records, and other great documents to help you build your tree, you’ll need to have a subscription.

You can get a two-week free trial if you use the following link (I’ll get a small commission if you end up subscribing at the end of your trial).  It’s a great way to see if a subscription will help you out building your tree:  Ancestry Free Trial

Learn more

Have you had the chance to visit my DNA Tools Page?  I’ve put together a list of my most helpful DNA posts, as well as links to many other great resources around the internet.  My goal is to help you learn as much as you can from your DNA results.


I hope that this post helped you understand a little bit more about your Caucasus DNA, how you might have inherited it, and how to go about taking the fist step to tracing it.  I would love to hear from you!  How much Caucasus DNA do you have?  Do you have any ideas about how you inherited it?  Please leave me a message in the comments.

Thanks for stopping by!

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