21
Aug

How to Understand Living DNA Results

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Did you do a DNA test with Living DNA? Do you want to understand all aspects of your Living DNA Results? In this post, I’ll explain Living DNA Results to help you get the most from your DNA testing experience.

You’ll learn:

  • How to understand your Family Ancestry results from Living DNA (your “ethnicity estimate”)
  • What you can learn from Family Networks
  • The meaning of motherline and fatherline, and whether this information can help you with genealogy
  • Additional ways that you can use your Living DNA Results

My husband generously volunteered to take a Living DNA test so I could write about his results. I really appreciate him sharing his results with us.

How to understand Family Ancestry results on Living DNA

The Living DNA Family Ancestry results show the regions of the world where your ancestors may have lived going back about 10 generations.

DNA testing companies are able to estimate where your ancestors lived by using advanced algorithms to compare your DNA to reference panels based on DNA samples from people living all over the world.

We inherit 50% of each of our parent’s DNA, which is the inheritance pattern that occurs each generation. Because we don’t inherit 100% of our mother and father’s DNA, we don’t share DNA with every single ancestor that we would find in our family tree.

Family Ancestry estimate is a very good snapshot into the course that our family has taken through history, based on DNA that did get passed down to us from our ancestors.

Your Family Ancestry information can be easily accessed via the “Explore in Full” button on your Living DNA results dashboard, as indicated in the image below:

This image shows where to click to access your full Living DNA ethnicity results, as indicated with the red arrow pointing to the "Explore in Full" button
The red arrow points to where to click to explore your full Family Ancestry results on Living DNA, image from Living DNA results – I added the red arrow

To get started exploring my husband’s results in full, we arrive at at a human body made from dots. Under the body, there are a few percentages representing his major ancestry regions:

This image is an example from Living DNA results belonging to a person with a majority non-European ancestry
This image from Living DNA results includes my husband’s top three Family Ancestry regions

The image above is just a general overview of my husband’s ancestry, and it matches up very well with the other DNA tests that he has taken. When I first saw his results, I thought that this might be all that was included in his results.

As it turns out, there is much more that we can access. If we scroll down a bit more, we’ll see a map of the world. To the left of the map, we can view a longer list of his ancestry regions, which include some regions that he only shares small percentages with.

Example of Family Ancestry Map on Living DNA
This is his Family Ancestry Map, and it includes a little more detail than what we saw at first

On this more-detailed list, we can see two additional regions. This is just the beginning of what we can explore, however. Click the “Explore in full” button at the top of the map in order to see even more detail about the ancestry regions.

Exploring the Family ancestry results in full takes us to a map of the world where we see the regions that most closely match our DNA highlighted in a color coded map. The default view is the “Complete” “Global” view, displaying general regions that match our ancestry.

The “Complete” view attempts to define each portion of our DNA, even those small sections that don’t perfectly match a particular region . Instead of reporting these small portions as unassigned or undetermined, Living DNA uses its technology to figure out which region is most similar to these small sections of DNA.

We can explore the “Complete” view in more detail by switching from the “Global” view to the “Regional” view. You will notice that the regions are more detailed and provide a more specific insight into where my husband’s ancestors may have lived.

It’s important to note that since this is the “Complete” view, some of the smaller percentages may not exactly match my husband’s roots. In the image below, I cropped the map to save space and allow for better viewing of the specific regions:

This image is a "complete" "regional" view from Living DNA results, notice that there is more detail than in the global view
There is lots more detail in the regional view!

To explore your results further, try switching between the “Complete” view to the “Standard” and “Cautious” views. You will see some regions disappear or become less defined.

Don’t forget to toggle between the “Global” and “Regional” views on each tab!

The regions that never disappear completely are those that have a high confidence level, and you can be sure that your ancestors lived in those areas.

What are Family Networks on Living DNA?

Your Family Networks are your DNA matches, my absolute, number one favorite thing about DNA results.

Your Family Network DNA matches are people who are share DNA with you and are related to you genealogically in some way. While Living DNA provides us with details about the amount of shared DNA in percentage and centimorgan (cm) form, we will usually need to do a little detective work of our own to determine our exact relationship.

My husband doesn’t have any DNA matches on Living DNA. This was a disappointment to him, of course, but we understand that the Living DNA database is still growing and he will eventually see his DNA match list grow.

Since my husband doesn’t have any DNA matches for me to show you as an example, I can show you a DNA match from my own Family Networks list:

An example of a DNA match from Living DNA.  This DNA match is a parent/child match and we share 3,572 centimorgans of DNA
This image is my DNA match with my mother. We share 3,572 cMs (centimorgans) of DNA with each other.

The person who you see on the top of my DNA match list is my mother, with whom I share 3,572 cMs of DNA on our Living DNA results. Since we share so much DNA, Living DNA is able to predict that we are either parent/child or full siblings.

There is always a range of shared DNA for any given relationship, and these ranges always overlap with the ranges seen for other relationships. This is why Living DNA reports a “predicted relationship” and cannot provide us with a definitive relationship based only on shared DNA.

One thing we can be sure of, however, is that we are definitely related in some way to the people on our Family Networks list.

What is the motherline on Living DNA?

From your Living DNA results dashboard, you will find your “motherline” results below your Family Ancestry results. The Family Ancestry, as well as the motherline and fatherline results, are located under the “Ancestry” tab.

The Living DNA mitochondrial (mtDNA) DNA results, also called “motherline” results, can help you learn about the path that your direct female ancestors took over the course of thousands of years.

Mitochondrial DNA is passed down from a mother to her male and female children, so both men and women have mitochondrial DNA. mtDNA is not passed down from males to their children, however, so mtDNA results represent a very small portion of your direct ancestors.

This means that mtDNA results are from your direct female line. In other words, your mother’s mother’s mother’s mother’s mother (etc), going back thousands of years.

Mitochondrial DNA results are typically reported as haplogroups, which are groups of people who share common direct-line maternal or paternal ancestors. People who share the same mtDNA haplogroup as you are related to you via an almost always unknown, distant maternal-line ancestor.

What is the fatherline on Living DNA?

Your fatherline results on Living DNA, similar to motherline results, can help you understand more about your direct-line paternal ancestors. Your direct-line paternal ancestors go in a straight line from your father to your father’s father, and your father’s father’s father, and so on.

The Living DNA fatherline tests for Y-DNA. Like all Y-DNA tests, no matter which company you do a DNA test with, you can only get Y-DNA results if you inherited Y-DNA from your father.

Unfortunately for us ladies, only men inherit Y-DNA. This means that if we have brothers, they inherited Y-DNA from our fathers while we didn’t.

If you are female, you will not have information in your fatherline section of Living DNA results. Males will have a haplogroup similar to, but also different from, the motherline haplogroups.

Your motherline and fatherline haplogroup information cannot directly help you build a family tree, but it can be informative. There are many research projects dedicated to mtDNA and Y-DNA studies, and these studies can help you trace the origins of your motherline and fatherline, as well as help direct your own genealogical efforts.

What else can I do with my Living DNA results?

Living DNA allows you to download your DNA data in a special file format that can be uploaded to other DNA-related sites.

For example, you can upload your Living DNA file to Gedmatch and My Heritage in order to get more DNA matches and access to DNA analysis tools.

Coming soon, I will include a detailed post explaining how to download your raw DNA data file from Living DNA. For now, you can navigate the process on your own through the “Download Raw Data” tab on the left side of the screen from your results dashboard.

How to get a Living DNA test?

If you haven’t yet done your Living DNA test, or you would like to get a Living DNA test to help build up their database of DNA matches, you can use the link below to get your kit.

If you purchase using the link(s) below, I might receive a very small commission at no extra cost to you. I appreciate you using these links because it helps me support the work that I do on this website, so thanks! You are my hero 🙂

Conclusion

I hope that this post has helped you understand more about your Living DNA results, including your family ancestry, motherline, and fatherline. Living DNA results are a great way to learn about your ancestry, and I hope that you are interested in learning as much as you can from your DNA testing experience.

If you have any questions about something that you read in this post, or if you would like to share your own experience with Living DNA results, I would love to hear from you in the discussion below.

Thanks for stopping by today!

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How to Understand Living DNA Results
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How to Understand Living DNA Results
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Want to understand all about your Living DNA Results? Here, I'll explain Living DNA Results to help you get the most from your DNA testing experience.
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Who Are You Made Of
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